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What is Benign prostatic hyperplasia?

What is Benign prostatic hyperplasia or Prostate Enlargement?

One in every two men over the age of 50 may suffer from "Benign prostatic hyperplasia". Although there is no way to prevent it, but surgery may prevent bladder dysfunction and kidney failure, as well as other serious complications in the future.

Why can't benign prostatic hyperplasia be prevented? Urology specialist explained that the prostate growth is stimulated by male hormones; as long as hormones continue to release, prostate will continue to grow, it will not stop.

1. Obstructive symptoms

  • pause before urinating
  • prolonged urination; most people only need a minute and a half, but the patients of benign prostatic hyperalasia  may take up to  three minutes
  • "stop and go" during urination
  • drops of urine after urinating

2. Irritant symptoms

  • frequent urination: most people urinate four to six times a day (depending on the amount of water consumed), but patients of benign prostatic hyperalasia may need to use the restroom every hour
  • nocturia; at least 2-3 times per night
  • cannot control urination, which may lead to incontinence

Aspirin can prevent Cancer?

Aspirin can prevent Cancer?

New research has shown that aspirin has the ability to prevent cancer, especially Colorectal Cancer and Stomach Cancer.

Here is a list of cancers that aspirin may prevent:

  • Colorectal Cancer
  • Stomach Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Lung Cancer
  • Brain Cancer
  • Throat Cancer
  • Breast Cancer

The study shows a small amount of aspirin taken daily may significantly reduce the risk of death caused by a variety of cancer.

Dr. Peter Rothwell of John Radcliffe Hospital of Oxford University and his colleagues reviewed eight clinical trials in the United Kingdom; over twenty-five thousand five hundred people participated in the trial. Testing times ranged from 4 to 8 years. It was found that subjects taking as much as 75 mg of aspirin daily for over 20 years, cancer mortality rate can be reduced by 20%, of which colorectal cancer mortality rate can be reduced to 40%, lung cancer to 30%, esophageal cancer significantly reduced to 60%.  Other causes of mortality had also decreased by 10%, the effects of cancer prevention can last up to 20 years.

It is most effective when taking aspirin for 5 year. Mortality rate can be reduced  to 30-40%, depending on the type of cancer.

However, Lesley Walker,  member of the British Association for Cancer Research (Cancer research UK) has warned that the study is still not mature; taking aspirin to prevent cancer should not yet be recommended at this point.

Side effects and precautions of Aspirin:

Gastrointestinal effects: abdominal discomfort and nausea, and stomach bleeding. Therefore, aspirin should be taking with food and antacids (when needed) to reduce irritation. Patients with stomach ulcers should take aspirin with extra caution. Alcohol should be avoided when taking aspirin.

Acid reaction: nausea, vomiting, tinnitus, headache, dizziness when overdose.  Ggastric lavage, catharsis, or oral sodium bicarbonate may be needed.

Allergic reactions: Angioneurotic edema, asthma or anaphylactic shock may occur. Therefore,  patients with asthma should not take aspirin.


8 Habits to Prevent Cancer

8 simple habits to prevent cancer

According to World Health Organization (WTO),  cancer has becoming the leading cause of death globally and has accounted for 7,600,000 deaths each year, which is around 13% of all deaths.  WTO also states that 1/3 of cancer is preventable by making changes to your daily habits.  Here are 8 simple habits that may prevent you from having cancer.

  1. Weight control: Avoid underweight or overweight. As overweight or obese will increase the risk of Endometrial cancer, Breast cancer, Kidney cancer and Colon cancer.
  2. More vegetables and fruits (Alkaline diet): Alkaline diet is proved to prevent cancer.  What is alkaline diet? The simple answer is eating more greens.  You should eat at least 400 to 800 grams of vegetables and fruits everyday, which may reduce the risk of having cancer by 20%.  Lack of vegetables and fruits will increase the risk of Oral cancer, Nasopharyngeal cancer, Esophageal cancer, Lung Cancer, Stomach Cancer, Colon Cancer and Rectal cancer.
  3. More starchy foods: Starchy foods are rich source of vitamins B, which may reduce the risk of cancer. Your daily diet should include sweet potatoes, potatoes, yam, rice, pasta or any wheat products. However, do not eat overcooked starchy foods, such as french fries and potato chips.
  4. More exercises:  You should do at least 20 minutes of aerobic exercises for at least 3 or more times per week.
  5. Less meat: Meat and high protein foods will make our body becoming more acidic. Acidic diet will weaken our immune system and increase the risk of cancer. Red meat eaters will increase the risk of Colon Cancer, Rectum Cancer, Pancreas Cancer, Kidney cancer, Prostate cancer, Breast cancer .
  6. Less salt: High-salt diet increases the risk of Gastric cancer, Kidney cancer and Colon cancer. WTO recommends that salt intake per person per day should be 6 grams or less.
  7. Less food additives:  More than 3000 food additives can be found from your daily diet.  They are NOT natural food, they are chemicals.
  8. Less alcohol: Alcohol consumption increases the risk of Mouth cancer, Throat cancer, Esophageal cancer, Liver cancer, Colon cancer, Rectal cancer, Breast cancer.

Stages of Prostate Cancer

Stages of Prostate Cancer

Stage will help determine the impact of prostate cancer and help doctors develop the best treatment.  Patient will need to go through series of staging process to diagnose their stage.
The staging process including: Digital rectal examination (DRE), PSA Blood Test, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CT scan and Seminal Vesicle Biopsy.
Prostate cancer can be broadly divided into the following 4 stages:

  • Stage 1: Prostate cancer cells confined within Prostate gland and the PSA level should be less than 10.
  • Stage 2: Prostate cancer cells stay in Prostate gland but the PSA level increased to up to 20.
  • Stage 3: Prostate cancer cells has spread outside the prostate. However the spread is limited to the prostate and seminal vesicle adjacent structures.
  • Stage 4: Prostate cancer cells spread to the lymph nodes, bones or other organs such as liver and lungs.

What is prostate cancer?

What is prostate cancer?

Prostate is part of the male reproductive system.  It is a walnut-shaped gland located between the bladder neck surrounding the urethra.  The main function of the prostate is to secrete a milky white liquid into the semen and sperm to help sperm injection in vitro.
In general, men over the age of 50 are more likely to have prostate cancer.  Prostate cancer and the occurrence of cancer in other parts of the body is slightly different. If the cancer occurs only in small part of the prostate, the cancer cells can remain unchanged for some time before it starts to spread and grow.  Cancer cells can be found in prostates among approximately one-third of men over the age of 50. Cancer cells can mostly be found in all men over 80.  These cancer cells can grow in a very slow pace, especially in the elderly, and it may never turn into cancer. Though, in certain  cases, the cancer cells can grow fast and spread to other parts of the body, such as bone marrow.

Causes of Prostate cancer:

  • Age:  As one ages,  the risk of  having prostate cancer increases. It is rare for one to be diagnosed with prostate cancer before the age of 40. The chances of having  prostate cancer increase significantly after the age of 50.. In fact, about 80% of diagnoses cases of prostate cancer are men over the age of 65.
  • Race: African-American and Caucasian male  are at higher risk of prostate cancer comparing to Asian male.
  • Family history of disease: someone with family history of prostate cancer is 2-3 times more likely to have it comparing to someone without family history.
  • Eating habits: someone who continuously consumes food with  high amount of saturated fat may have higher risks of developing prostate cancer.
  • Over- weight: Recent studies have shown that overweight or obese men are at significantly high risk.
  • Chemical factors: long-term exposure to heavy metals (such as: cadmium) may increase the risk of prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms

The prostate gland is a male reproductive organ located at the neck of the urinary bladder, which produces substances that are found in semen for the transportation of sperm during reproduction.

Prostate gland is an interesting organ which will get bigger as men get older. The prostate enlargement (benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostatic hypertrophy) can press on the urethra and cause various difficulties with urianation.  The symptoms of the Prostate Cancer are similar to the symptoms of prostate enlargement, so you should seek immediate medical help for any urinary difficulties, especially if you are over 40.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms checklist:

  1. Blood in urine
  2. Blood in semen
  3. Painful urination (burning)
  4. Weak urine stream
  5. Inability to urinate (urinary retention)
  6. Strong urge to urinate
  7. Swelling legs
  8. Discomfort or pain in the pelvic area
  9. Back pain
  10. Unexplained weight loss

Make alternative healing become mainstream, discussion part 4

I continued reading the Chinese article written about American's health by an acupuncturist. His words are pretty strong, and there may be some bias too. But honestly I have found some of those interesting and convincing.

He said overweight is basically a tough health issues among Americans. One of the major cause of this is drinking too much milk! (Well, when we see "Got Milk?" all the time, we can't imagine someone actually point out milk is one of the cause of overweight, which leads to a lot of health problems. Next to milk is fast food, which we probably already knew. Milk is making most people grow big like cows, which may be what it was intended to do. It seems to be better now since low fat milk and no fat milk are available. But many people still like whole fat milk, and use half and half for other foods and beverage.

Another problem is drug abuse. He's not talking about the illegal drugs, he's talking about over-the-counter drugs. Like taking sleeping pills to help sleeping, like taking painkillers whenever we feel any unbearable (or even bearable) pain. These are what causing depression and kidney problems.

Some people also rely on vitamins when they found their stamina is declining. They don't blame on overweight or lack of exercise. Instead, they think they're lacking of vitamins and take multiple vitamins for that. However, taking too much vitamins is going to feed the bad cells, like cancer. Some cancers like prostate cancer and breast cancer can come from that. If we don't change our diet and habits, all of the above would definitely do us more harm than good.

He made a strong statement on chemotherapy. Although I think it's bias, I can't really argue with him. He said if chemotherapy can really treat cancer, let's try to find a healthy young man to take chemotherapy for six months and see how he's going to be. He said this young man is definitely going to be weak as if he's going to die. If we use chemotherapy on cancer patients, we can see how effective it's going to be. If that's the case, why do we spend that much money on these services? He also said he's happy to see President Obama and some authorities starting to find out there's a new direction. If alternative healing really becomes mainstream, it's going to change the whole world, not just America.

Chinese have a saying to describe Western medicine: "Cure the head when there's a headache; Heal the feet when they feel pain." That may be a little bias, but somehow this is the impression among Chinese. However, Western medicine has a much organized system to follow while Chinese medicine is not organized very well. That's what making traditional Chinese medicine hard to promote. Hopefully this will change someday. When we think about it, if a few needles can heal some diseases, why do we need pills?